What You Need to Know About Different Types of Bullets

Many people are confused by the different bullet types. This aspect of shooting is incredibly important and should be understood even by those who don’t use guns. Here are a few of the key differences between bullet types and designs.

1. FMJ Tips 

The most common bullet type is known as the FMJ which stands for ‘Full Metal Jacket’. These bullets are covered in a copper encasing that helps protect the softer metals such as lead inside. They are known for remaining intact despite adverse weather conditions and other harsh elements. These bullets are common for shooting enthusiasts and are used for hunting as well as armed combat in the military.

2. Soft Point 

Soft point or soft nose bullets are similar to FMJ models, except that the head of the bullet isn’t covered in copper. Instead, there is a small protrusion of led that allows for a more reliable and greater expansion. These bullets are easy to feed into the chamber of a weapon because of their softer nose. Soft point bullets expand when hitting soft targets at a slower rate than hollow point bullets.

3. Hollow Point 

Hollow point bullets are most popular among avid hunters who are targeting smaller game. These bullets allow for rapid expansion and excellent stopping power. The frailty of these models is a massive downside. They can be damaged during transportation or when being fed into a weapon. Hollow points are also popular for personal protection as they aren’t as likely to pass through a target and put others at risk.

4. Ballistic Tip 

These bullets are used for competitive shooting and some hunting. Many of these ballistic bullets are hollow-designed bullets with a polymer tip. The tip allows for the bullet to fly faster while maintaining its structure for a longer period of time. This allows for greater accuracy. The special design of these bullets makes it a dynamic hunting round. Ballistic designs mixes the reliability of soft point bullets with the lethalness of soft point models.

5. Caliber Size 

Caliber size is another important difference between varying types of bullets. This is a shooting term with which most people are familiar, despite not knowing the actual definition. Caliber simply refers to the diameter of a given bullet. The measurement of the bullet’s diameter comes from the encasing or ‘slug’ of the unit. The calibers of bullets vary depending on diameter of different guns. 9mm, .22 and .45 caliber are the most common sizes for bullets.

Although bullets share the same general design, there are small tweaks that make each type specific to a particular function or purpose. It is important to understand these differences when handling weapons. It is even important for those who don’t use guns to understand.